Next JS Interview Questions (Everything You Need to Know)

Elevate your Next.js expertise with our comprehensive guide to Next.js Interview Questions. Master the intricacies of this powerful React framework with expert-crafted questions covering routing, data fetching, and server-side rendering. Whether you're a seasoned developer or gearing up for your first Next.js interview, click now to enhance your readiness and stand out in discussions about modern web development. Ace your interview and advance your career with our tailored insights and preparation tips.

Are you preparing for an interview for a Next JS developer role? Next JS is a popular framework for building server-side rendered React applications, and it’s important to be well-prepared for the interview process. In this article, we will cover some of the most common Next JS interview questions that you may encounter during your job search. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, these questions will help you showcase your knowledge and skills in Next JS development.

What is Next JS?

Next JS is a React framework that allows you to build server-side rendered (SSR) and statically generated websites. It provides a seamless integration with React, making it easy to develop scalable and performant web applications. Next JS offers features such as automatic code splitting, server-side rendering, and static site generation, which can improve the performance and SEO of your website.

Why Use Next JS?

Next JS offers several advantages over traditional React development. Here are some reasons why you should consider using Next JS:

  • Improved Performance: Next JS optimizes the loading and rendering of your web pages, resulting in faster performance and better user experience.
  • SEO-Friendly: With server-side rendering and static site generation, Next JS makes it easier for search engines to crawl and index your website, improving its visibility in search results.
  • Code Splitting: Next JS automatically splits your code into smaller chunks, allowing for faster initial loading and better performance on slow internet connections.
  • Easy Deployment: Next JS simplifies the deployment process by providing built-in support for static site generation and server-side rendering, making it easier to deploy your application to various hosting platforms.
  • Developer Experience: Next JS provides a great developer experience with features like hot module reloading, automatic routing, and API routes, enabling you to build complex applications with ease.

Next JS Interview Questions and Answers

1. What are the key features of Next JS?

Next JS offers several key features that make it a popular choice for building web applications. Some of these features include:

  • Server-side rendering (SSR)
  • Static site generation (SSG)
  • Automatic code splitting
  • API routes
  • Client-side routing
  • Hot module reloading
  • CSS-in-JS support
  • Image optimization

These features provide developers with the tools they need to build high-performance and SEO-friendly web applications.

2. How does server-side rendering (SSR) work in Next JS?

Server-side rendering in Next JS allows you to render your React components on the server and send the fully rendered HTML to the client. This improves the initial loading time of your web pages and ensures that search engines can easily crawl and index your content. Next JS handles the server-side rendering process automatically, so you don’t have to worry about setting up a separate server or configuring complex build processes.

When a user requests a page, Next JS will render the React components on the server and return the HTML to the client. Subsequent interactions on the page can be handled on the client-side using React’s client-side rendering capabilities.

3. How can you implement dynamic routing in Next JS?

Next JS provides a simple and intuitive way to implement dynamic routing. You can define dynamic routes by creating a file inside the “pages” directory with square brackets ([]). For example, if you want to create a dynamic route for blog posts, you can create a file called “[slug].js” inside the “pages” directory. The “slug” parameter will be available as a query parameter in the component’s props, allowing you to fetch and render the corresponding blog post.

Here’s an example of how you can implement dynamic routing in Next JS:

// pages/[slug].js

import { useRouter } from ‘next/router’;

function BlogPost() {const router = useRouter();const { slug } = router.query;

// Fetch and render blog post based on the slug

return (<div><h1>{slug}</h1><p>This is the blog post with slug {slug}.</p></div>);}

export default BlogPost;

4. How can you fetch data in Next JS?

Next JS provides several methods for fetching data, depending on your needs. You can use the built-in “getStaticProps” or “getServerSideProps” functions to fetch data at build time or request time, respectively.

The “getStaticProps” function allows you to fetch data at build time and pre-render the page as a static HTML file. This is useful for data that doesn’t change frequently, such as blog posts or product listings. The fetched data will be available as props to the component.

The “getServerSideProps” function allows you to fetch data on each request, ensuring that the data is always up to date. This is useful for data that changes frequently or requires authentication. The fetched data will also be available as props to the component.

5. How can you optimize images in Next JS?

Next JS provides built-in support for optimizing images. You can use the “next/image” package to automatically optimize and serve images in the most efficient format and size for each device. This helps improve the performance of your web pages and reduces the bandwidth usage for your users.

Here’s an example of how you can use the “next/image” package to optimize images in Next JS:

import Image from 'next/image';

function MyComponent() {return (<div><Image src=”/path/to/image.jpg” alt=”Image” width={500} height={300} /></div>);}

export default MyComponent;

The “next/image” package will automatically optimize and serve the image in the specified dimensions. It also supports features like lazy loading and responsive images out of the box.

Next JS Interview Tips

Here are some tips to help you ace your Next JS interview:

  • Review the Next JS documentation: Familiarize yourself with the Next JS documentation and make sure you understand the key concepts and features.
  • Practice coding: Spend time practicing coding in Next JS by building small projects or working on coding challenges. This will help you become more comfortable with the framework.
  • Prepare for technical questions: Be prepared to answer technical questions about Next JS, React, JavaScript, and web development in general. Review the fundamentals and be ready to explain your thought process when solving problems.
  • Showcase your projects: If you have any Next JS projects or contributions to open-source projects, be prepared to talk about them during the interview. Showcase your ability to apply Next JS concepts in real-world scenarios.
  • Ask questions: Don’t be afraid to ask questions during the interview. It shows your interest in the role and helps you better understand the company and the team you might be working with.


Preparing for a Next JS interview can be challenging, but with the right knowledge and practice, you can increase your chances of success. In this article, we covered some of the most common Next JS interview questions and provided detailed answers to help you prepare. Remember to review the Next JS documentation, practice coding, and showcase your projects during the interview. Good luck!

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